Sardar Sarovar Dam

//Sardar Sarovar Dam

Sardar Sarovar Dam

Project at a Glance:
Estimated Cost – Rs. 392.4 billion (8 billion USD)
Main Dam – 1,210 m long, 163 m high from the deepest foundation level
World’s Second Largest Concrete Gravity Dam (by volume) after Grand Coulee
Designed Live Storage Capacity of the Reservoir 5860 MCM (4.75 million acre feet)
Hydropower – 1,450 MW installed capacity (1 billion kWh every year)
Irrigation – 1.905 million Ha (1.8 million Ha. in Gujarat benefitting 1 million farmers)
Drinking Water – 9633 villages and 131 towns (29 million people)
Canal Network – 75,000 km length
Main Canal – 458.318 km long, capacity 1,133 m3/second, 633 structures
No. of Employees – 4673

Near Rajpipla, 1163 km away up the river from the sea, is Sardar Sarovar Dam. At the reception center there is a map and an interpretation center. You can book a guided tour which will take you through six points around the Dam site; which are
• A garden; the foundational stone laid by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961;
• A site with a side view of the flow of the water from the Dam;
• A lake where boating takes place; the first lock gate of the main canal;
• a trekking site with a nature education camp for students.
• Near the site is also the Surpaneshwar Shiva temple that the Government had built to replace the original ancient temple that was submerged by the Dam.
• At the foot of the Dam is the Kevadia colony, where the employees of the Dam live and where there are also places for visitors to stay. For more information contact the Office at Tel.No.02640-232599 or 02640-232533.

At a height of 128 m and growing, Sardar Sarovar Dam is the largest Dam on the Narmada. The Dam builders state their mission as “harnessing the untapped waters of the Narmada for survival of millions of people and environmental sound sustainable development of the Western India by providing the essence of life-Water and Energy.” The Dam provides water for irrigation and drinking water supply, hydropower, and flood protection across the state of Gujarat.
The Narmada river runs through Narmada District, along the border of Vadodara District, and through Bharuch District, emptying near the city of Bharuch into the sea. There are various sites along the way, and therefore various ways to visit the river.

A new era of water revolution has begun. The water has started flowing from Kevadia to Kutch… Villagers are provided water through pipelines instead of tankers…Rivers & Ponds are recharged…More than 15,000 villages are covered under Narmada Water supply Project. Narmada main canal has reached upto Gujarat-Rajasthan border 458 km and Sub canal distribution network has covered more than 1000 km…..

It was the late Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel who conceived the idea of constructing a Dam over the river Narmada in 1946-47 for the optimum use of Narmada waters for the welfare of the Nation.
Today The Sardar Sarovar Project is one of the largest water resources project of India covering four major states – Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat and Rajasthan. Dam’s spillway discharging capacity (30.7 lakhs cusecs) would be third highest in the world. With 1133 cumecs (40000 cusecs) capacity at the head regulator, and 532 km. length, the Narmada Main Canal would be the largest irrigation canal in the world.

The project will generate between 856 to 1007 million units per year of cheap and Eco-friendly, indigenous hydropower. Project would meet the drinking water needs of 8215 villages, 135 urban centers and benefits three sanctuaries.
The Dam will be the third highest concrete Dam (163 meters) in India, the first two being Bhakra (226 metres) in Himachal Pradesh and Lakhwar (192 meters) in Uttar Pradesh. In terms of the volume of concrete involved for gravity Dams, this Dam will be ranking as the second largest in the world with an aggregate volume of 6.82 million cu.m. The first is Grand Coule Dam in USA with a total volume of 8.0 million cu.m. This Dam with its spillway discharging capacity of 87,000 cumecs (30.70 lac), will be the third in the world, Gazenba (1.13 lac cumecs) in China and Tucurri (1.0 lac cumecs) in Brazil being the first two.

The reservoir would occupy an area of 37,000 ha. and would have a linear stretch of 214 kilometer of water and an average width of 1.77 kilometer. The Full Reservoir Level (FRL) of the Sardar Sarovar Dam is fixed at RL 138.68 metres (455 feet). The Maximum Water Level is 140.21 metres (460 feet.) while minimum draw down level is 110.64 metres (363 feet.). The normal tail water level is 25.91 metres (85 feet.).


By road: Bharuch, Rajpipla, Chanod, and Dabhoi are accessible by buses. The Sardar Sarovar Dam site can be reached by private vehicle.
By rail: Bharuch is the nearest Railway Station.
By air: The closest Airport is at Vadodara.