Pavagadh is about 46 kilometres away from Vadodara in Gujarat state in western India. It is known for a famous Mahakali temple which draws thousands of pilgrims every day. It is a tribal area populated predominantly by the Rathwas. The area of this locality Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park was inscripted by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 2004.
At the summit of Pavagadh hill, 762 m above sea level, is the temple to Mother Kali, which is the oldest in the area, dating from the 10th-11th centuries. Hindu pilgrims were coming to visit this temple from long before the development of Champaner as a major city, and they continued for hundreds of years after its decline, right up to the present day. To reach the Temple at the summit is about a 5 km walk along a jungle footpath to the top of the hill; otherwise, there is a cable car which will haul you to the summit from about the midway point, which is the last place accessible by road. The Temple has large fortifications and an open chowk in front, with two altars for sacrifices, and an array of lights for special occasions. The idol of Kalika Mata in the inner sanctum is only the head, the Mukhwato, painted in red. Also present are full idols of Mahakali and the yantras of Bahuchara. The temple is open from very early to quite late, to accomodate pilgrims arriving at all hours. The Machi Haveli is a rest house available for pilgrims
HISTORY OF PAVAGADH
It is said that the Rajpur King Vanraj Chavda established Champaner at the foot of Pavagadh in found memory of his wise Minister Champa.
Later, the Patai Raval family dominated it and took care of the boundary. The folks tales slay that Mahakali assumed the shape of a girl and danced during a Garba throughout Navaratri. The last Patai Jaisinh watched her with dirty appearance. The deity became angry at Jaisinh and cursed him. As a result, the Muslim emperor of Gujarat, Mahmud Begada assaulted Pavagadh and won the hill on the boundary. Patai was defeated and killed. Mahmud Begada shifted his capital from Ahmedabad to Champaner for a few time for reasons of diplomalcy. He developed the city by constructing buildings like the fort of Champaner, Uohra Mosque, Mandavi, Kirtistambh, the temple of Shalkh, Jama Masjid, Nagina Mosque and Kevda Mosque. The remains of the Palace of Begada are still found close to Vad Talav (Banyan Pond) 2 kilometers removed from Champaner.
Maa Mahakalika Temple, a famous Hindu and Muslim pilgrim centre, is found at Pavagadh in Panchmahal District. Situated amid dense forest cowl on a cliff, the temple is believed to be one amount the fifty one Shakti Peeths.
Legends have it that, the correct toe of Goddess Sati, fell here. The holy advanced is split into 2 elements, on the bottom floor the idol of Goddess Kali is seen and therefore the prime half homes a Mazar of a Peer, sacred to Muslims.
Kali, or Mahakali, the Dark Mother, could be a deity with whom devotees have a really loving and intimate bond, in spite of her fearul look. She could be a fearful and ferocious style of the mother goddess Durga. She is belived to own born from the brow of Goddess Durga throughout one among her batteles with the evil forces.
Maa Mahakalika Temple, Pavagadh is one among the most important tourist and pilgrimage centers with the dynamic State of Gujarat, that attracts various tourists and pilgrims each year.
From town of Vadodara, at a distance of fifty five km, the recent city of Pavagadh is found. The complete space is especially forest land and really picturesque.
What to See and Do
Places of interestL
Pavagadh Jain Temple:
The temples of Jainism at Pavagadh are also noteworthy. They fall into three different groups: The first consists of the Bhavanaderi temples near the Naqqarkhana gate called the Navalakka temples, the second group is in honor of the tirthankaras Suparshvanatha and Chandraprabhu and the third group, situated on the south east of Pavagadh Hill (Mataji’s cliff), is near the Pārśva temple next to the Dudhia tank. On the basis of their “stylistic and architectural features”, the date of construction of these temples is deduced to be the 14th–15th centuries. The temple is made up of pure white stone with elaborately carved seated and standing images of the Jain pantheon are seen on the outer walls of the temples. The temple also has a 30 ft. tall statue of God Bahubali stands tall in it’s vicinity.
Kalikamata Temple, a famous Hindu pilgrim centre, is located at Pavagadh. Situated amid dense forest cover on a cliff, the temple is believed to be one of the 51 Shakti Peeths. Maa Mahakalika Udan Khotala ( A Passenger Ropeway ) is operating since 1986 and takes you quickly and comfortably from Manchi to the hill top near the Maha Kalika Temple in about 6 minutes, whereas, the steep climb on foot takes over one hour. The temple of Kali is at the height of 550 metres (1,523 feet). A rope-way facility has been made available(commissioned in 1986 ) to the tourists to reach the temple. About 250 steps have to be climbed from there.
The remains of the Raval Palace still exist at Machi. There are rest houses, holiday homes and small hotels at Machi.
Then comes Teliya Talav and Dudhia Talav.
There are numerous tales, songs and dramas knitting the story of Patai Raval.
Pavagadh in Monsoon
Dhaba Dungri is also a famous Shiva Temple located on the way from Halol to Pavagadh. It is also known as “Tapobhumi” of Maharshi Vishwamitra.
“Virasat Van” is also a beautiful garden located at footstep of Pavagadh.
Must Visit places also includes “Vada Talav” & “Kabooter Khana” located at footstep of Pavagadh.
Where To Stay
Not many accommodation facilities available in Champaner. But one can set their base as Halol or Vadodara and experience the magnificence of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park.
How To Get Around
Nearest Railway Station is Vadodra which is 46 km away.
One can come by road from Ahmedabad or Vadodara. Ahmedabad is 151 and Vadodara is 46 km away.