Bhuj, formerly sacred to the snake Bhujang, was established by Rao Hamirji in 1510 and was made the capital of Kutch State by Rao Khengarji I in 1549. Its foundation stone as state capital was formally laid on Vikram Samvat 1604 Maagha 5th (approx. 25 January 1548). After 1590, when Rao was forced to acknowledge Mughal supremacy, Bhuj was known as Suleiman Nagar among Muslims. The walls were built by Rao Godji I in 1723 and the Bhujiya Fort by Devkaran Seth in Rao Deshalji I’s time (1718 – 1741).
Bhuj has been attacked six times. In two cases the defense was successful and in four it failed. In 1728 an attack by Sarbuland Khan, Mughal Viceroy of Gujarat, was repulsed by Rao Deshalji I, and, in 1765 Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro was, by a timely display of the strength of the fortifications, induced to withdraw. During the civil troubles of the reign of the Rao Rayadhan III, Bhuj was thrice taken, by Meghji Seth in 1786, by Hansraj in 1801, and by Fateh Muhammad in 1808. On the 26th March 1819, the hill fort of Bhujia was captured by a British detachment under Sir William Keir.
After independence of India in 1947, Kutch State acceded unto the dominion of India and was constituted an independent commissionaire Kutch State. In 1956, Kutch State was merged with Bombay state, which in 1960 was divided into the new linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra with Kutch becoming part of Gujarat state as Kutch district. Bhuj is the district headquarters of Kutch District,the largest district in India.
What To See And Do
Place of interest in Bhuj are as under.
Bharatiya Sanskriti Darshan Museum
Bhujia Fort and Smritivan on Bhujia Hill
Where To Stay
Many hotels are available in Bhuj
How To Get Around
There is a domestic airport from which daily flights connect to Mumbai
Bhuj is connected to Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Gandhinagar, Pune, Visakhapatnam and other major cities of India by railway trains.
Connected by road to other cities. Ahmedabad is 333 km and Rajkot is 235 km away from Bhuj.